Ligia M. Castaldi is an Associate Professor at Ave Maria School of Law. Her scholarship focuses on the unborn child’s right to life in international human rights law, particularly, in Latin America and the Caribbean. Courses taught by her include International law, International Human Rights Law, Family Law and Law and Children. Before joining the Ave Maria School of Law faculty, Professor Castaldi served as a legal advisor on right to life and family law issues for the National Congress of Honduras. She also worked with several United Nations agencies, including UNICEF's regional office for Latin America and the Caribbean in Panama. Professor Castaldi was awarded the prestigious Rómulo Gallegos fellowship by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in Washington, D.C. in 2001. She received LL.M. degrees from Harvard Law School and the University of Groningen in The Netherlands. Professor Castaldi lives in Naples with her husband and son.
A Pro-Choice Reading of a Pro-Life Treaty: The Inter-American Court on Human Rights’ Distorted Interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights in Artavia V. Costa Rica, 34 WIS. INT’L L.J. (2014).
The Inter-American Court on Human Rights’ Judgment in Artavia Murillo v. Costa Rica and its Implications for the Creation of Abortion Rights in the Inter-American System of Human Rights, 16 OR. REV. INT’L L. (2014)
Prenatal Rights Outside the Context of Abortion in Latin America and the Caribbean: a Comparative Analysis of Domestic Laws and Relevant Jurisprudence Following the Adoption of the American Convention on Human Rights, 8 LIBERTY U. L. REV 305 (2014).
Abortion in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Comparative Analysis of Domestic Laws and Relevant Jurisprudence Following the Adoption of the American Convention on Human Rights, 20 ILSA J. INT’L & COMP. L. 36 (2014).
Treaty Interpretation of the Right to Life before Birth by Latin American and Caribbean States: An Analysis of International Treaty Obligations, Regional Agreements and Relevant State Practice, 26 EMORY INT'L L. REV 599 (2012)
Revisiting Baby Boy v. United States: Why the IACHR Resolution Did Not Effectively Undermine the Inter-American System on Human Rights’ Protection of the Right to Life from Conception, 23 FLA. J. INT’L L. 221-76 (2011).
Post Baby Boy v. United States Developments in the Inter-American System of Human Rights: Inconsistent Application of the American Convention’s Protection of the Right to Life from Conception, 17 L. & BUS. REV. AM. 435 (2011).
Co-authored with María Inés Franck, Aborto y derechos prenatales en América Latina y el Caribe: un análisis comparativo de leyes y jurisprudencia relevantes tras la adopción de la Convención Americana Sobre Derechos Humanos [Abortion and prenatal rights in Latin America and the Caribbean: a comparative analysis of relevant laws and jurisprudence subsequent to the adoption of the American Convention on Human Rights,10 ARS BONI ET AEQUI 11-100 (2014).
Co-authored with Jorge Nicolás Laffèrriere & María Inés Franck, El derecho a la vida en una sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional de Bolivia [The right to life in a judgment by the Constitutional Court of Bolivia], 3 LA LEY [L.L.] SUPLEMENTO CONSTITUCIONAL 21 (2014) http://www.laley.com.ar/Home (online citation AR/DOC/1302/2014).
Co-authored with Jorge Oviedo & Piero Tozzi), El caso Artavia Murillo y otros vs. Costa Rica (fecundación in vitro): la redefinición del derecho a la vida desde la concepción, reconocido en la Convención Americana [The case of Artavia Murillo and others v. Costa Rica (in vitro fertilization): the redefinition of the right to life from conception, recognized in the American Convention], 75 PRUDENTIA IURIS 135-164 (2013).
Interpretación de los tratados relativos al derecho a la vida del que está por nacer en América Latina y el caribe: un análisis de las obligaciones internacionales, acuerdos regionales y práctica estatal pertinente [Treaty interpretation of the right to life before birth by Latin American and Caribbean states: an analysis of international treaty obligations, regional agreements and relevant state practice] 9 ARS BONI ET AEQUI 53-102 (2013) (Chile).
La Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos: piedra angular del derecho a la vida del no nacido en Latinoamérica y el Caribe [the American Convention on Human Rights: cornerstone of the unborn’s right to life in Latin America and the Caribbean], I REVISTA INTERNACIONAL DE DERECHOS HUMANOS 109 (2011) (Arg.).
Protection of Prenatal Life in Honduras: a Token of Central America’s Strong Pro–Life Identity, in AMERICANS UNITED FOR LIFE, DEFENDING THE HUMAN RIGHT TO LIFE IN LATIN AMERICA, 63-80 (2012).
Book Review (reviewing Rita Joseph, Human Rights and the Unborn Child (2009)), 59 HUMANITAS (yr. XV) 616-617 (2010) (Chile)