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Property and Freedom by
Call Number: KF5698 .S55 1997
Publication Date: 1997-01-01
Over the past few years, a series of Supreme Court decisions has strengthened the legal protection of private property in the United States by limiting the power of state and local governments to impose zoning ordinances and land-use regulations on property owners. Bernard H. Siegan explores this new direction of the Supreme Court in Property and Freedom: The Constitution, the Courts, and Land-Use Regulation, arguing that this recent jurisprudence implements the objectives of the framers of the original Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment.
Discussing several key land-use cases, Siegan describes the emergence of a new standard of review for land-use regulations-a standard under which a regulation will be held to be constitutional only when it substantially advances state interests and does not deny an owner economically viable use of his land. This new standard is less demanding than the strict scrutiny test applied to laws limiting freedom of speech or of the press, but considerably more demanding than the standard previously applied in these cases. In elevating the protection of property rights, Siegan contends, the Supreme Court has implemented a fundamental rule of fairness: governments should not force individual property owners to bear the costs of regulations which are supposed to benefit the public.
Siegan believes that the new standard of review for land-use regulations accords with the widely held view that the protection of property rights is essential to the viability of the state and the well-being of the people. He cites studies showing that economic regulations seriously limit a nation's productivity and standard of living, and that zoning and no-growth measures reduce housing opportunities and raise the price of housing. Understandably, Siegan notes, people with low and moderate incomes tend to vote against zoning regulations in local elections.
Takings Law and the Supreme Court by
Call Number: KF5698 .S58 1998
Publication Date: 2000-09-01
The Takings Clause of the 5th amendment to the U.S. Constitution has emerged as the principal means of protecting private property from governmental interference, regulation, and takings. Dealing with the post-Civil War history and interpretation of regulatory takings law as applied to land use cases, the author takes a critical look at the Supreme Court's standards for evaluating land use cases. Taking Laws and the Supreme Court uses an interdisciplinary approach to evaluate utilitarian, postmodernist, moral, environmental and common law, formalist, liberal, as well as conservative efforts to understand the taking of private property.
Land Use Law
Call Number: KF5698 .M354 2003
At the Cutting Edge: Land Use Law from the Urban Lawyer
Call Number: KF5698 .A79
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