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Healthy Cities by
Publication Date: 2007-01-01
Healthy Cities looks at the design of communities in the United States as mandated by law and how that design affects the delivery and cost of health care. This book recommends modifications to reduce health care costs, assure an adequate health infrastructure, and increase disease and trauma prevention through improved urban planning mechanisms. Healthy Cities is the first book in the fields of public health and urban planning to explore legal mechanisms to integrate health and urban design policy. American urban design contributes to obesity, air pollution, and traffic congestion. Imagine if our communities were designed for health, fitness, and convenience. Can housing and neighborhoods be designed for pleasant walks and car-free living? Can streets be tree-lined and attractive? Can pedestrians enjoy their surroundings and experience rather than being sandwiched between traffic and parking lots?
Illegal Cities by
Publication Date: 1998-10-15
In the major cities of Asia, Africa and Latin America, the urban poor often have to step outside the law in order to gain access to housing. Much has been written about the problems they face, but few studies have asked why it matters that their housing is illegal, or what should be done about it. This book seeks to answer these questions by exploring the role of law in the process of urban change. Its broad geographical coverage combines national case studies with overview chapters by leading specialists in the field. An original and comprehensive book, it aims to bring the largely neglected discussion on law and urban change to the attention of those interested in urban studies, to demystify the subject and challenge the uncritical treatment which it has received in traditional legalistic studies.
Publication Date: 2011-06-21
By 2050, humanity could devour an estimated 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year three times its current appetite unless the economic growth rate is decoupled from the rate of natural resource consumption. Developed countries citizens consume an average of 16 tons of those four key resources per capita (ranging up to 40 or more tons per person in some developed countries). By comparison, the average person in India today consumes four tons per year. With the growth of both population and prosperity, especially in developing countries, the prospect of much higher resource consumption levels is far beyond what is likely sustainable if realised at all given finite world resources, warns this report by UNEP's International Resource Panel. Already the world is running out of cheap and high quality sources of some essential materials such as oil, copper and gold, the supplies of which, in turn, require ever-rising volumes of fossil fuels and freshwater to produce. Improving the rate of resource productivity (doing more with less) faster than the economic growth rate is the notion behind decoupling, the panel says. That goal, however, demands an urgent rethink of the links between resource use and economic prosperity, buttressed by a massive investment in technological, financial and social innovation, to at least freeze per capita consumption in wealthy countries and help developing nations follow a more sustainable path.
The New Law and Economic Development by
Publication Date: 2006-08-01
This book is a collection of essays that identify and analyze a new phase in thinking about the role of law in economic development and in the practices of development agencies that support law reform. The authors trace the history of theory and doctrine in this field, relating it to changing ideas about development and its institutional practices. The essays describe a new phase in thinking about the relation between law and economic development and analyze how this rising consensus differs from previous efforts to use law as an instrument to achieve social and economic progress. In analyzing the current phase, these essays also identify tensions and contradictions in current practice. This work is the first comprehensive treatment of this emerging paradigm, situating it within the intellectual and historical framework of the most influential development models since World War II.
The Law-Growth Nexus by
Publication Date: 2006-11-13
An increasingly popular view holds that institutions--in particular, the rule of law--are the keys to unlocking the developing world's full growth potential. But what exactly does this mean? Which legal institutions matter and why? How can policymakers use this knowledge to promote growth? In The Law-Growth Nexus, Kenneth Dam brings five decades of experience as a legal scholar and policymaker to bear upon these questions.After reviewing the burgeoning literature on legal institutions and economic development, Dam unpacks the "rule of law" concept. Successive chapters analyze enforcement, contracts, and property rights the three concepts that collectively define rule of law and examine their roles in the real estate and financial sectors. Dam uses an extended analysis of China to assess the importance of the rule of law. This case study illustrates several of the book's central themes, including the difficulty of building a strong, independent judiciary and firstclass financial sector.The stark fact is that many parts of what we call the developing world have stopped developing, while other regions have seen a slowdown in once-promising growth. Could new or better legal institutions help jumpstart these economies? In exploring this question, The Law-Growth Nexus goes beyond regression results to examine the underlying mechanisms through which the law, the judiciary, and the legal profession influence the economy. The result is essential reading for analysts and policymakers facing the challenges of legal and economic reform.
Law and Capitalism by
Publication Date: 2008-06-01
Recent high-profile corporate scandals—such as those involving Enron in the United States, Yukos in Russia, and Livedoor in Japan—demonstrate challenges to legal regulation of business practices in capitalist economies. Setting forth a new analytic framework for understanding these problems,Law and Capitalismexamines such contemporary corporate governance crises in six countries, to shed light on the interaction of legal systems and economic change. This provocative book debunks the simplistic view of law’s instrumental function for financial market development and economic growth. Using comparative case studies that address the United States, China, Germany, Japan, Korea, and Russia, Curtis J. Milhaupt and Katharina Pistor argue that a disparate blend of legal and nonlegal mechanisms have supported economic growth around the world. Their groundbreaking findings show that law and markets evolve together in a “rolling relationship,” and legal systems, including those of the most successful economies, therefore differ significantly in their organizational characteristics. Innovative and insightful,Law and Capitalismwill change the way lawyers, economists, policy makers, and business leaders think about legal regulation in an increasingly global market for capital and corporate governance.
Land Use Regulation by
Publication Date: 2008-03-25
This dynamic casebook focuses on the role of the lawyer in land use regulatory matters And The factors that influence land development decisions. it emphasizes the current practice of land use law and cutting-edge urban planning and sustainable development legal and policy issues. A wealth of materials, perspectives, and insights in a concise casebook that offers: clear and practice-based explanations of the lawyer’s role in land development a panoply of up-to-date materials from news articles, law reviews, essays, and case profiles that track developments in the field of land use emphasis on recent cases that convey the dynamic content of land use law discussion of the decision-making process in land development And The relative decision-making weight of the law, local government, and politics a thorough examination of third-party rights in land development exploration of ethical issues that arise in land use decisionmaking a logical structure that allows instructors to teach the basic tools of land use regulation and then choose to emphasize specific areas of modern land use law a comprehensive Teacher’s Manual New in the Third Edition: co-author Edward Ziegler — nationally recognized expert on zoning, urban planning law, and sustainable development recent takings cases: Chevron San Remo Kelo State takings legislation, esp., Oregon’s Measure 37 and MacPherson Hathcock Brevard County Continuing developments under Palazzolo Dolan, Lucas, and Penn Central updated coverage of growth management and sustainable development issues “ Smart Growth ” and “ New Urbanism ” Growth, sprawl, green development, peak oil, and global warming issues federal law and land use : The impact of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA), The Federal Fair Housing Act , The Americans with Disabilities Act, And The Telecommunications Act of 1996 on local land use decisions use of negotiated development agreements current environmental issues: Rapanos And The jurisdictional wetlands issue under the Clean Water Act Use of land use planning to protect endangered species The debate over the increase in conservation easements The interplay of water supply planning and development approvals Land Use Regulation: Cases and Materials, Third Edition, Is equally well suited for courses in land use and land development as well as planning law classes in the urban planning school curriculum.
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